OPENING AT TAMÁSTSLIKT CULTURAL INSTITUTE
American Indian Sport & Art
presented by CHI St. Anthony Hospital and
C.M. Bishop, Jr. Family Fund of the Oregon Community Foundation
For immediate release - Pendleton, Oregon
Tamástslikt Cultural Institute presents "Beautiful Games: American Indian Sport & Art" opening on August 3 through October 13. Opening day is free to the public.
Sports have played a pivotal role in American Indian tribal communities. And many contemporary sports played across cultures are rooted in traditional tribal sporting games. Lacrosse and surfing have long been attributed to indigenous peoples, while other games such as cross-country running, racquetball, cross-country skiing and canoeing, although not exclusive to the Americas, evolved independently.
Despite the diversity of American Indian cultures, some games were widespread. The rules of a game might vary, but several games were popular in large regions of the West. American Indians occasionally incorporated games into religious ceremonies. Heavy betting was common with most games.
Native games are more than just games. They build body and spirit through exercise and are played by all age groups—children, youth, and adults. Many games have roots in ancestral tests of strength and sport that reinforced group cooperation and sharpened survival skills in often hostile environments. For warriors, the games helped maintain their readiness and combat skills between times of war.
Native athletes quickly gravitated to historic sports like baseball, basketball, football and rodeo, and many have excelled in modern sports. Tribal communities continue to be heavily interested in and involved in sports, particularly basketball, rodeo and running.
Competing in sports in tribal communities teaches cooperation, consensus, compromise, and teamwork, all of which are pillars of indigenous societies. Athletes learn how to develop strategies and solve problems, patience, discipline, perseverance, trust, empathy, respect and control. These games and play are integral in helping prepare young people for adult responsibilities and assist in mitigating conflict between individuals and communities alike.
Many American Indians have competed in the Olympic Games, and several have taken home the gold. In 1912, Native Hawaiian Duke Kahanamoku won a gold medal in swimming, and Jim Thorpe, Sac and Fox, won gold in the pentathlon and decathlon. More recent medalists are Billy Mills, Lakota, gold in distance running and Billy Kidd, Abenaki, silver and bronze in downhill skiing. Joe Tompkins, Tlingit, and U.S. Paralympian, gold medaled in downhill skiing in the 2005 and 2010 Paralympic World Cup.
There is also an artistic element to sports, which makes this a natural subject for discussion in that most human of institutions, museums. This exhibit features artwork, artifacts, history and discussions about sports and its role in tribal life.
For more information, go to www.tamastslikt.org.